May 22, 2015 at 2:12 pm #4991Bob MulveyKeymaster
Thanks Cort!May 25, 2015 at 2:12 pm #5076July 21, 2015 at 8:42 pm #5182
An autosampler is a robot used in a laboratory to collect or dispense fluid from a vial. Chemistry, biology and medical labs use these devices. They save time and can be more accurate than non-automated sampling processes.
The model above has classes carousel, row, sampling_probe and probe_assignment. The carousel ‘contains’ row, while the row ‘is rotated by’ the carousel. A sampling_probe ‘is assigned to’ a row.
State machines (not shown) govern the behavior of the class instances. Actions in the states perform the necessary processing for each state of the state machines.
This model mostly supports the concept of multiple sampling probes and multiple rows in a carousel. Although to support multiple rows this model would need to change the cardinality on an association. Can you identify which one?
This UML model is the “source code” of an autosampler in field use since the late 1990s. It is a long-standing example of xtUML Inside!
August 7, 2015 at 10:23 am #5200August 17, 2015 at 1:16 pm #5230August 19, 2015 at 2:19 am #5236
- This reply was modified 5 years, 4 months ago by cort. Reason: added note about device in field
Yesterday we looked at a state machine traversing the stages of a test case. Here is another view of a system containing that exact model. This system shows a component called ‘ec’ (electrochemical detector) configured together with an ectb (electrochemical testbench) and a test runner. The test case state machine lives in a class inside the ‘ectb’ component. The test case state machine is driving stimulation of the electrochemical detector component and verifying proper response to that stimulation.
Note that this is not a pedagogical example; this is production material for an electrochemistry instrumentation supplier.
[The boxes are UML components. The connections are UML interfaces (provided with ball-end, required with cup end).]
September 2, 2015 at 3:46 pm #5258
- This reply was modified 5 years, 3 months ago by cort.
Here is a model of a weather station (Stevenson Screen). It is likely that there will be more of this coming in the future.September 3, 2015 at 7:02 pm #5259
The BridgePoint model for the Stevenson Screen (weather station) can be found in the xtuml/models repository in github.
Here: https://github.com/xtuml/models/tree/master/applications/wxSeptember 17, 2015 at 1:15 pm #5270September 17, 2015 at 11:18 pm #5274Bob MulveyKeymaster
Looking at the class model, and I don’t quite follow. The importance of good relationship phrases is clear :). Each of the places where the relationship phrase is present, I clearly understand the selected cardinality and conditionality. In the places where relationship phrases are missing I don’t understand the selected cardinality and conditionality.September 18, 2015 at 4:54 am #5277
Thanks for the comment, Bob.
Even though I have mostly taught people to always include phrases on both ends, many times it is redundant. Here is a list of the corresponding phrases for the model above:
R1: kicks, is kicked by
R2: bounds, is bound by
R3: coaches, is coached by
R4: penalizes, is penalized by
Keep in mind that an association has a single meaning. For example, an incorrect association between referee and player would include phrases.
R4: penalizes, yells at
The penalize association and the yells association are actually two different relationships.
The moral? Look closely at models and see if you are being good by placing phrases at both ends, but maybe you are mixing two different associations with one link… which leads to bugs!September 19, 2015 at 6:14 am #5278sm4rpqParticipant
Maybe just a confusion due to me not being native english speaking and not fully understanding “in bounds”.
But the state machine for the ball has an “out-of-bounds” state from which it can go to various other states. And the class model specifies it to be unconditionally one in bounds of a field. So I would interpret it as when the ball is kicked out of the field it has to be deleted which is in conflict with the state model.
It may also be that I don’t understand the rules of soccer. A sport I would like to see much less of in the newspapers here in Sweden. Much much less.September 20, 2015 at 6:17 am #5282
Ah, the amount of news will likely increase before it decreases!
I like your close examination of the model. And your perspective would work. However, in this case, I prefer the idea of having a field that is a preexisting instance that remains for the duration of the game. It is a bit disconcerting to think of the field being deleted.
Let me clarify my use of English in the state model and in the association text phrases.
In the state model I used “out-of-bounds” to mean “outside the lines marked on the field”.
Thus, a ball is out-of-bounds when it is beyond the marking lines on the field. So, the field itself actually includes (some) space outside the bounding lines.
On the class diagram I use “bounds” as a verb synonymous with “provides marking lines”.
A field bounds zero or one ball. In English bounds usually speaks of physically restraining, but here I stretch that meaning just a bit. :)October 15, 2015 at 1:38 am #5396October 27, 2015 at 3:31 pm #5416
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